In 1883 the South Australian Almanac and Directory 1883 by Josiah Boothy was published.
The 1883 Almanac lists the following information for the township of Beltana, South Australia.
County: Frome, Electoral Distric of Flinders; 398 miles N. Population: 391; Houses, 70 Post, Telegraph, and Money Order Offices – Postmaster, T. Bee. Local Court– J.P. Buttfield, S.M.; Clerk, H.L. Bullen; Bailiff, John Dann. Full and limited jurisdiction last Thursday in every alternate month. Hotel – Beltana (Samuel Gason); Royal Victoria (George Gates). Communication with Adelaide – Train every alternate day.
Bee, T., post and telegraph master, Hantke, T.J.C. , storekeeper, Pearce, T., storekeeper, Bralla, C. Lineman (telegraph) Hantke, V., storekeeper, Phillipson, N.E. manager Beltana station, Bullen, H.L., clerk local court , Heneker, J. gardener, Heneker, J., jun., miner, Powell, J.H., medical practitioner, Charlton, Geo., miner, Rogers, W., mining captain, Dann, J., sergeant police, Hill, W., miner, Rooney, R., butcher, Doig, J.J. blacksmith, James, H., fruiterer, Rowe, W., blacksmith, Eisfelder, W., saddler, Johnston, W., teamster , Slade, H., teamster, Gason, Saml., Beltana Hotel, Key, Alfred, teamster, Turner, H., Govt. school teacher, Gates, G., Royal Victoria Hotel, Klisser, C.L., storekeeper, Windmill, W.H. telegraph operator, Glynn, Mrs J., McDermott, J., mining prospector, Witherley, A.E., overseer Beltana station, Gunter, W., butcher, Morgan, W.H., mining prospector, O’Brien, T., railway inspector
As can be seen by the entry in the directory for 1883, James Heneker is noted as a gardener. This may seem strange considering that James has always been reported in the media of the day as a Bullock Cart Driver and other roles. However by 1883 James was 57 years of age, and perhaps he had slowed down some? It was told to me via family that James had a love of gardening, as I believe did his father Thomas Heneker. So it may be that this was his main occupation at the time. I am sure that at 57, James still had many good years in him, as he did not die until 1971 at the age of 91. However he had already lived a harsh life, albeit a very active and pioneering life. His son, James Heneker is listed as a miner. James was born in 1850, being 33 years of age in 1883. Some interesting points to consider are as shown in the list of the residents of the town, P. Doig, (Peter Doig) the town’s blacksmith and fellow helper in trying to save members of the Johnson family from the terrible fire that occurred on 15 December 1881. Also mentioned as a resident is W Johnson, a teamster whose family suffered in that tragic event. As well as being neighbours, I wonder if Mr Johnson and James Heneker worked together, both being teamsters. And of course they would have both known Peter Doig the Blacksmith well, when visiting him to care for his horses. The details shown in this almanac help us today to see how such a small township would have been affected by any tragedy that occurred. (see “The Terrible Fire” posted on 18 April 2014)
- This directory was initially published from 1872-1878 as Boothby’s Directory. from 1879-1883 it was published as Boothby’s South Australian Directory. It later became known as Sands and McDougall’s South Australian Directory, which was well known by many South Australian’s.
- It’s full title I believe was: The Adelaide almanac and directory for South Australia together with official, ecclesiastical, legal, banking and mercantile directory / by Josiah Boothby, Esq. It was published by J Williams, Stationer, 1872-1883, Adelaide.
- These days, for people wishing to search this valuable tool, it is available from a number of sources usually on CD.It is available on CD from Gould Genealogy at http://www.gould.com.au/. They also have a shop at Shop 1, 1257 North East Road, Ridgehaven, S.A. Ph: 82632055
- It is also available for viewing within it’s various publication years at http://trove.nla.gov.au/work/17226056?selectedversion=NBD14501677 (only available to view at the National Library of Australia.
- It is also available on microfiche at the State Libary of South Australia and can be searched online at
- Some commercial genealogy sites such as Vital Records, and Find My Past have digitised versions of the directory and are a fee paying service.
South Australian Almanac and Directory, by Josiah Boothby, 1883, page 139
I am adding the above photograph of James Heneker, which has an unknown date, as I am hoping someone who reads this may know whether it is James Heneker senior born 1826, or James Heneker Junior, born 1850. I have looked for some time to try to date the clothing, however, it is difficult to find much detail. I am tending towards it being James Heneker Junior, only because of the clothing, and that the man looks in his 30’s to me, perhaps even younger? and I tend to think James would have been older by the time a photographer took any photographs. Considering the only photograph’s that exists of James Heneker senior are of both him and Mary Ann Heneker in their elderly years, it again leads me to believe this could be his son James Heneker. I would appreciate any feedback if any reader out there has any idea.